The hazelnut pages on this site include listings of hazelnut nurseries, growers, sales as well as industry overviews, propagation information, hazelnut products and a range of other hazelnut related information.
The hazelnut, also known as filbert, is native to the Black Sea coast area. This region, particularly the northern coastline of Turkey remains the world's most productive area for hazelnuts. Other leading production areas include Italy and the U.S. states of Oregon and Washington.
In Australia hazelnuts are grown commercially in Tasmania, Victoria, New South Wales and more recently in Western Australia. Although there are no large scale commercial plantings of hazelnuts in Australia, there is a growing interest in their cultivation. The Rural Research and Development Corporation is providing financial assistance to Hazelnut Growers of Australia Inc. who undertake the majority of the hazelnut development and improvement work.
|Australian Hazelnut Industry
The Australian hazelnut industry comprises mainly small family orchards of up to 6,000 trees. Currently 200 ha is under cultivation producing almost 50 tonnes. This is expected to increase to around 300 ha producing 100 tonnes in-shell by around 2011. It is estimated that 1,500 to 2,000 ha of well-managed plantings would meet Australia's current requirement. (Source - Australian Nut Industry Council, 2009)
Hazelnuts - Tasmania
Hazelnut Field Day
(17 February, 2008)
The field day was conducted in collaboration between the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, the University of Tasmania, Charles Sturt University, the Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research and the Hazelnut Growers of Australia Inc. The Notes provide a brief summary of the background of the speakers and the key aspects of their presentations. The Hazelnut Field Day Notes (PDF 393 kb) were provided by Dr Sally Bound, Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research.
Hazelnuts require either reliable rainfall or irrigation for the production of good quality nuts. Good conditions and water supply result in a plentiful crop of plump nuts with shells that easier to crack. Hazelnuts also prefer a climate with a mild summer and cool winter.
The hazelnut tree blooms and pollinates in the middle of winter. Wind carries the pollen from catkins (male flowers) to small red female flowers, where pollination occurs. The flowers remain inactive until spring, when fertilisation occurs and the nuts begin to develop. Hazelnuts require cross-pollination so two or more varieties are required.
Hazelnuts begin to bear around 3 years of age but commercial crops are not produced until around 6 years of age. The tree blooms and pollinates in winter and is wind pollinated. Wind pollinates the female flowers but fertilisation and nut development does not occur until spring.
Kernals develop from around October to March and April marks the begining of the hazelnut season. In warmer areas the season is earlier - late February to the end of March. The nuts fall to the ground naturally and need to be quickly collected, by hand or harvester, and then washed and dried.
Prospective growers should seek advice on variety selection to suit varying climate and soil conditions. For plantings on a hobby farm or larger commercial scale it is recommended you consult a nursery specialising in hazelnuts or/and Hazelnut Growers of Australia.See also:
You may be interested in the Hazelnut Growers handbook to be added to your list of information. It is now available via the link below. This handbook was produced by Lester Snare Industry and Investment NSW with support from the Hazelnut Growers of Australia Inc and Horticulture Australia. http://www.hazelnuts.org.au/doc/2010%20Handbook%20Book%20orderJB%20Mail.doc
Health and Nutrition
Hazelnuts are high in fibre, energy, kilojoules and contain significant amounts of thiamine and vitamin B6, as well as smaller amounts of other B vitamins. See the Health and Nutrition - Hazelnuts page for more details.